National Titling Programme: The programme incorporates physical planning, preliminary survey, determination of rights and interest in land, survey of individual plots, publication of maps and issuance of title deeds. In order to clear the backlog of uncollected title deeds the Ministry embarked on a rigorous programme of issuance of title deeds. A total of 8.6 million title deeds have been processed since independence.
National Land Information Management System: Over the years, the manual and paper-based land records management has become unsustainable for expeditious land transactions. The bureaucratic and long processes, procedures and practices have impacted negatively on service delivery due to rampant misplacement of records and deteriorating paper records. To address these challenges, the Ministry has embarked on an ambitious program of re-engineering business with a view of providing efficient and timely service. This entail development and implementation of National Land Information Management system. The System will ensure effective and efficient access to land data. This will be the bedrock of other land related information management systems leading to improved land administration and management.
Land Adjudication Programme: To date, 2,057 adjudication sections, comprising 3,215,992 parcels and covering 8,711,449.85 Hectares have been finalized countrywide since independence..
Modernization of Land Registries: This entail construction, renovation/refurbishment and equipping of land registries to ensure security of records.
Registration and processing of title deeds: Although land adjudication and registration has been ongoing, majority of Kenyans have not been issued with title deeds and this hampers economic development as land is one of the critical factors of production. It is against this background that the Ministry embarked on National Land Titling programme with a view to produce and issue 3 million title deeds by 2017 through a robust automated Land management system. The process entail registering all unregistered land, completion of ongoing land adjudication programs, finalization of ongoing settlement schemes, preparation of a database of all private land invaded by squatters to guide the settlement program, regularization of informal urban centres, subdivision, processing of leases, fast tracking demarcation and registration of Community Land and fast tracking of titling programme for public institutions. By June 2017, the Ministry fulfilled the Government pledge of processing and issuance of 3.2 million title deeds. These include title deeds for Kibra, Mujini in Meru County, Show ground, Nyeri colonial villages, National theatre, Gatunga constituent college and Garissa University College and informal settlements.
Digitization of Land Registries: The Ministry commenced on a program of automation and digitization of the land registries across the country since 2014/2015 financial year with a view to ensure efficient and effective service delivery that will lead to enhanced access to information, increased customer confidence, reduced business timelines and enhanced revenue collection. Phase I of the program was to automate registration processes at the Nairobi registry and automate adjudication and survey processes at National Titling Centre (NTC). Phase II entails conversion of paper records to electronic records through digitization.
Prior to digitization of the land records, clean up/ re –organization of land registries is normally conducted to neatly arrange the records to ensure accessibility of records in readiness for digitization and habitability for the staff.
Major activities involved in digitization of land registries entails: Implementation of Local Area Network(LAN), establishment of an internet link between the registry and Ardhi House at the headquarters, setting of ICT equipment, i.e. Desktop Computers, Network Printers, Servers, scanners and photocopiers, capacity building of the staff at the registry, conversion of analogue records to e-records through scanning of the green cards, white cards and parcel files, indexing of all scanned images for serialization, data capture of green cards and white cards, verification of the data captured, upload verified data to the EDMS for online transactions, training of the officers on online transactions in the system and online transaction of the registration process. To date, 18 land registries are being digitzed out of which Nairobi Land Registry is online.
Development of National Spatial Plan: This is an important policy document viewed as an enabler of socio economic transformation. The Plan will be implemented by mainstreaming the policies espoused in the Plan into county spatial plans, sectors through the various MDA’ s have to incorporate the policies into sector policies, projects and programmes. In addition, the Ministry will coordinate preparation of regional plans as well as plans for special urban areas and strategic national projects. Preparation of County specific and sector specific Plans as a strategy to cascade the National Spatial Plan. The plan was completed and launched on 1st march 2017.
Formulation of National Land Use Policy: This will ensure optimal and sustainable use of land. It will also facilitate development of special economic zones, balancing competing land uses for urbanization, housing and agriculture. The Sessional Paper No. 1 of 2017 on National Land Use policy approved by Parliament in September, 2017.
Preparation of Regional Physical/Spatial Plans and one model County Spatial Plan: Regional Spatial Plans transcend more than one county and are coordinated by the Ministry with the participation of the affected counties. They encompass issues that traverse more than one county including transport corridors, conservation regions, metropolitan regions, river basins, trans-boundary resources among others. A model county spatial plan will be prepared to be used by counties as a guide in preparing their respective county spatial plans, which the law under the County Government Act, 2012 obligates them to prepare. This will be done in a participatory manner to build the capacity of the counties.
Preparation of the Physical Planning Handbook: The Physical Planning Hand book is a comprehensive document containing Physical Planning Guidelines and Standards. This is an important instrument for planning and will ensure that the planning practice and process is harmonized and standardized across the forty-seven counties. It will cut across all the sectors and will require participation of the counties and sectoral players.
Capacity Building and Technical Assistance to the Counties on Physical Planning matters: The Constitution under Fourth Schedule places responsibility for capacity building and technical assistance on the National Government. This will entail assisting counties by; providing the necessary tools, guidelines and standards; preparing plans and providing technical backstopping as well as conducting sensitization on processes and procedures for physical planning. To date, the Ministry has:
- Physical development plans prepared for Bungoma and Webuye urban areas, Kinanie in Machakos County (Sept. 2015) and Samburu in Kwale County (October 2016) Special Economic Zones. Funding was provided by Export Processing Zones Authority (EPZA).
- Land use plans for Lamu and Kilifi counties prepared. Action area plans for Pongwe-Kikoneni (Kwale), Bomeni and Kipini (Tana River) and land capability map for coast region developed.
- Disseminated planning guidelines/manuals to all 47 counties in 13th August, 2013
- Conducted capacity Needs Assessment Study in 20 Counties at a cost of Ksh.20 million. The study was completed and submitted on August 2016.
- Provided technical assistance (backstopping) to Kwale, Lamu, Kiambu, Bungoma, Kajiado and Bomet Counties in the preparation of county spatial plans. Funding is done by respective county governments.
National Cadastre: In order to realize national land register for efficient and effective land management and governance, Geo-referencing all land parcel in the nation is critical. As envisaged in the land registration Act 2012, cadastral plan and cadastral maps are the registrable document for conferring of land rights. Geo-referencing will eliminate overlap of land parcel and ensure sanctity of Title.
Development of Geospatial Data: Entail;
- Development, extension and maintenance of National Geodetic Control Network: The Ministry is currently modernizing its coordinate system to conform to Kenya Geodetic Reference Frame (KENREF) in line with United Nation Global Geodetic Reference Frame (UN GGRF) and United Nations Global Geospatial Information Management (UN-GGIM). In addition, the system will facilitate geo-referencing of land parcels in line with existing land legislations.
- Photogrammetric Data Production –Aerial photographs, satellite imagery and light detection and imaging range (LiDAR) data is used to prepare large-scale topographical data frameworks for use in preparation of spatial plans, development plans, preparation and updating of topographical maps at various scales and research among others. Areas inaccessible or difficult to collect data, use of photogrammetric tools and skills will ensure faster and economical way of collecting geospatial data. Infrastructures designs and communication network heavily relies on landscape mapping. To monitor and detect any change in land use land cover such as urban sprawl use photogrammetric skills play crucial role.
- Creation and Maintenance of National Geospatial Database: To ensure geospatial data is readily available for national development; there is need to continuously develop geospatial data and implement a centralized geospatial data management system.
Inspection and Maintenance of the National and International Boundaries: The Ministry undertakes to safeguard integrity and sovereignty of the nation through inspection and maintenance of the national and international boundaries and resolution of inter-county administrative boundaries.
Development of Hydrographic Database-Development of hydrographic database is key for the Blue Economy, maritime security, safety of life at sea, transportation/navigation, exploitation of marine and water body resources. The actualization of the blue economy will be achieved through accurate, reliable and updated hydrographic data. Further, implementation of international conventions of which Kenya is signatory such as Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) convention, the United Convention on the Laws of the Sea (UNCLOS) and the Convention of the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) can only be achieved through a well-established Hydrographic services for a coastal state like Kenya.
Development of Kenya National Spatial Data Infrastructure (KNSDI): Kenya National spatial Data Infrastructure (KNSDI) will be a specialized Huduma Center, which will link spatial data users and producers in execution of necessary geospatial transaction at places of their own convenience. KNSDI will ensure that the public (users) access accurate, current, consistent and timely Geospatial Information (GI) even though the datasets are collected and maintained by different agencies. It will check duplication of efforts and maximize on Government returns on investment.
Settlement of poor landless: This entails regularization of squatter schemes and purchase of farms through Land Settlement Fund to settle squatters, displaced persons and forest evictees. To date, 314,025 household families on 1,274,322.8 hectares of land have been settled countrywide since independence..
National Land Value Index: Provide credible valuation data base for use in investment and land compensation decisions. Currently the project is being implemented in Mombasa, Kisumu, Nakuru, Narok, Kericho and Bomet counties. These are counties of phase one of SGR.